Grammodes geometrica, from here.

Belongs within: Macrolepidoptera.
Contains: Bastilla, Buzara.

The Catocalinae is a highly diverse group of moths characterised by the presence of an unscaled region on the lower clyeofrons (Moths of Borneo).

Synapomorphies (from Reza Zahiri): Juxta is shaped like an inverted Y, with anterior (ventral) ends heavily fused with sacculus; ostium bursae positioned variably but opening has moved anteriorly onto 7th abdominal segment rather than between 7th and 8th segments, with partial fusion between segments 7 and 8.

    |  i. s.: Catocala JP05
    |           |--C. fraxini DS73
    |           |--C. koreana Staudinger 1892 I92
    |           |--C. nupta DS73
    |           |--C. promissa DS73
    |           `--C. sponsa (Linnaeus 1767) JP05
    `--Ophiusini [Ophiusidae] HM03
         |--Bastilla HM03
         |--Buzara HM03
         |--Avatha HM03
         |--Gondysia pertorrida HM03
         |--Euphiusa harmonica HM03
         |--Ophiodes triphaenoides WM66
         |--Trigonodes hyppasia WM66
         |--Ophiusa WM66
         |    |--O. arctotaenia WM66
         |    `--O. stuposa WM66
         |--Macaldenia [=Pasipeda (preoc.); incl. Parallelura] HM03
         |    |--M. palumba [=Halodes palumba] HM03
         |    `--M. palumbioides [=Ophiusa palumbioides] HM03
         |--Pindara HM03
         |    |--*P. illibata [=Noctua illibata] HM03
         |    |--P. eclipsifera HM03
         |    |--P. prisca HM03
         |    `--P. serratilinea HM03
         |--Parallelia HM03
         |    |--*P. bistriaris HM03
         |    |--P. arctotaenia HM03
         |    |--P. constricta P27
         |    |--P. rigidistria HM03
         |    `--P. triplocyma HM03
         |--Achaea HM03
         |    |--A. catella HM03
         |    |--A. janata HM03
         |    |--A. melicerta WM66
         |    |--A. mezentia HM03
         |    `--A. oedipodina HM03
         |--Dysgonia HM03
         |    |--*D. algira [=Noctua algira] HM03
         |    |--D. constricta HM03
         |    |--D. latifascia HM03
         |    |--D. orbata HM03
         |    |--D. senex HM03
         |    |--D. stuposa HM03
         |    `--D. torrida [incl. D. properans] HM03
         `--Grammodes HM03
              |--*G. geometrica [=Noctua geometrica] HM03
              |--G. ammonia WM66
              |--G. diagarmma HM03
              |--G. justa HM03
              |--G. mygdon WM66
              |--G. ocellata HM03
              |--G. oculicola HM03
              `--G. pulcherrima HM03

*Type species of generic name indicated


[DS73] Dickens, M., & E. Storey. 1973. The World of Moths. Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.: New York.

[HM03] Holloway, J. D., & S. E. Miller. 2003. The composition, generic placement and host-plant relationships of the joviana-group in the Parallelia generic complex (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae, Catocalinae). Invertebrate Systematics 17: 111-128.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[JP05] Jungmann, E., & U. Poller. 2005. Neunachweise und Wiederfunde für die Schmetterlingsfauna (Insecta; Lepidoptera) des Altenburger Landes. Mauritiana 19 (2): 317-326.

[P27] Philpott, A. 1927. The maxillae in the Lepidoptera. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 721-746.

[WM66] Wallace, A. R., & F. Moore. 1866. List of lepidopterous insects collected at Takow, Formosa, by Mr. R. Swinhoe. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 355-365.

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