Polyporaceae

Tinder fungus Fomes fomentarius, photographed by Algirdas.

Belongs within: Homobasidiomycetes.
Contains: Ganodermataceae, Polyporus.

The Polyporaceae are a diverse family of bracket fungi, some species of which cause economic damage to timber and/or living hardwoods.

Characters (from Cannon & Kirk 2007): Basidiomata polyporoid with a central, eccentric or lateral stalk, or resupinate; annual or perennial; fleshy, leathery or strongly woody, the upper surface smooth, tomentose or scaly, sometimes zonate. Hyphal system monomitic, dimitic or trimitic with skeleto-ligative hyphae, clamp connections frequent, cystidia absent. Hymenium tubular or lamellate, without setae. Basidia small, clavate, usually with 4 sterigmata. Basidiospores cylindrical to allantoid, thin-walled, hyaline, usually smooth, not staining in iodine.

Polyporaceae
    |--Lenzites BH05
    |    |--L. betulina BH05
    |    `--L. salpiara J87
    `--+--Pycnoporus BH05
       |    |--P. cinnabarinus BH05
       |    `--P. sanguineus AHR03
       `--+--+--Ganodermataceae BH05
          |  `--+--Grammothele fuligo BH05
          |     `--+--‘Polyporus’ arcularius BH05
          |        `--Lentinus BH05
          |             |--L. crinitus AHR03
          |             `--L. tigrinus BH05
          `--+--Polyporus BH05
             `--+--Daedaleopsis confragosa BH05
                `--+--Fomes BH05
                   |    |--F. fasciatus AHR03
                   |    |--F. fomentarius BH05
                   |    |--F. fraxineus PHK96
                   |    |--F. grenadensis J87
                   |    `--F. subroseus J87
                   `--+--Cryptoporus volvatus BH05
                      `--Perenniporia [Perenniporiaceae] BH05
                           |--P. inflexibilis AHR03
                           |--P. martius AHR03
                           `--P. medulla-panis BH05

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[AHR03] Aime, M. C., T. W. Henkel & L. Ryvarden. 2003. Studies in neotropical polypores 15: New and interesting species from Guyana. Mycologia 95 (4): 614-619.

[BH05] Binder, M., D. S. Hibbett, K.-H. Larsson, E. Larsson, E. Langer & G. Langer. 2005. The phylogenetic distribution of resupinate forms across the major clades of mushroom-forming fungi (Homobasidiomycetes). Systematics and Biodiversity 3 (2): 113-157.

Cannon, P. F., & P. M. Kirk. 2007. Fungal Families of the World. CABI.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1-136.

[PHK96] Prescott, L. M., J. P. Harley & D. A. Klein. 1996. Microbiology (3rd ed.) Wm. C. Brown Publishers: Dubuque (Iowa).

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