Grapevine Vitis vinifera, photographed by Jiří Novák.

Belongs within: Gunneridae.
Contains: Casuarinaceae, Malvidae, Zygophyllaceae, Malpighiales, Oxalidales, Celastrales, Fabales, Rosales, Cucurbitales, Fagaceae, Betulaceae, Juglandanae.

The Rosidae is a major clade of flowering plants, containing more than a quarter of all living angiosperms (Wang et al. 2009). The clade is primarily supported by molecular analyses, though members do share articulated anthers (Angiosperm Phylogeny Website). Recent phylogenies have placed the Vitaceae as sister to the remaining rosids; members of this family are mostly woody vines and include the grapes in the genus Vitis.

<==Rosidae (see below for synonymy)
    |  i. s.: Casuarinaceae D01
    |         Gumillea BhBh07
    |--Vitaceae [Vitales, Vitineae] WM09
    |    |--Leea [Leeaceae, Leeoideae] WM09
    |    |    |--L. asiatica BaBo07
    |    |    |--L. edgeworthii P03
    |    |    `--L. guineensis WM09
    |    |--Tetrastigma DL07
    |    |    |--T. diepenhostii K03
    |    |    `--T. serrulatum D07
    |    |--Ampelocissus YY22
    |    |    |--A. latifolia P03
    |    |    `--A. tomentosa P03
    |    |--Ampelopsis hederacea YY22, C55
    |    |--Clematicissus YY22
    |    |--Landukia YY22
    |    |--Pteresanthes YY22
    |    |--Quinaria YY22
    |    |--Vitis [Vitoideae] WM09
    |    |    |--V. aestivalis Michx. 1803 CD07
    |    |    |--V. labrusca TE00
    |    |    |--V. riparia TE00
    |    |    |--V. trifolia K03
    |    |    |--V. vinifera WM09
    |    |    `--V. vitiginea KJ05
    |    |--Cissus J87
    |    |    |--C. adenocaulis H91
    |    |    |--C. antarctica MM09
    |    |    |--C. dissecta J87
    |    |    |--C. repanda KJ05
    |    |    `--C. verticillata J87
    |    `--Cyphostemma CV06
    |         |--C. bainesii CV06
    |         |--C. currorii CV06
    |         |--C. juttae CV06
    |         `--C. omburense CV06
    `--+--Malvidae WM09
       `--Fabidae [Violales] WM09
            |--Zygophyllales WM09
            |    |--Zygophyllaceae WM09
            |    `--Krameria [Krameriaceae] WM09
            |         `--K. lanceolata WM09
            `--+--+--+--Malpighiales WM09
               |  |  `--Oxalidales WM09
               |  `--+--Celastrales WM09
               |     `--Huaceae WM09
               |          |--Afrostyrax CD07
               |          `--Hua gabonii WM09
               `--+--Fabales WM09
                  `--+--Rosales WM09
                     `--+--Cucurbitales WM09
                        `--Faganae D01
                             |--Corylus [Corylales, Coryloideae] D01
                             |    |--C. americana B75
                             |    |--C. avellana R-CT01
                             |    `--C. sieboldiana [=C. rostrata var. sieboldiana] LO98
                             `--Fagales [Betulales] WM09
                                  |  i. s.: Ticodendron [Ticodendraceae] T00
                                  |         Bedelia WM09
                                  |         Caryanthus WM09
                                  |         Antiquocupula WM09
                                  |--Fagaceae WM09
                                  `--+--Betulaceae WM09
                                     `--Juglandanae WM09

Rosidae [Amentiferae, Geranianae, Geraniiflorae, Hamamelididae, Juglandineae, Linales, Malvanae, Malviflorae, Polygalales, Rhamnanae, Rutales, Rutanae, Rutiflorae, Violiflorae]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BaBo07] Baishya, A. K. & P. J. Bora. 2007. Cross community ethno-medico botany of Dibru-Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve, Assam. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 121-154.

[BhBh07] Bhattacharyya, P. K. & K. Bhattacharyya. 2007. A comparison of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification (2003) with system of Takhtajan (1997) and Cronquist (1988). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 95-120.

[B75] Bowles, J. B. 1975. Distribution and biogeography of mammals of Iowa. Special Publications, The Museum, Texas Tech University 9: 1-184.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1-E44.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175-189.

[D07] Dash, S. S. 2007. Useful plants of Kabi Sacred Grove, Sikkim. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 79-88.

[DL07] Davis, C. C., M. Latvis, D. L. Nickrent, K. J. Wurdack & D. A. Baum. 2007. Floral gigantism in Rafflesiaceae. Science 315: 1812.

[D01] Doweld, A. B. 2001. The systematic relevance of fruit and seed structure in Bersama and Melianthus (Melianthaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 227: 75-103.

[H91] Hokkanen, H. M. T. 1991. Trap cropping in pest management. Annual Review of Entomology 36: 119-138.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1-136.

[KJ05] Katewa, S. S., A. Jain, B. L. Chaudhary & P. Galav. 2005. Some unreported medicinal uses of plants from the tribal area of Southern Rajasthan. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 47 (1-4): 121-130.

[K03] Kulip, J. 2003. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and other useful plants of Muruts in Sabah, Malaysia. Telopea 10 (1): 81-98.

[LO98] Lack, H. W., & H. Ohba. 1998. Die Xylothek des Chikusai Kato. Willdenowia 28: 263-276.

[MM09] Mound, L. A. & M. Masumoto. 2009. Australian Thripinae of the Anaphothrips genus-group (Thysanoptera), with three new genera and thirty-three new species. Zootaxa 2042: 1-76.

[P03] Paul, T. K. 2003. Botanical observations on the Purulia pumped storage hydropower project area, Bagmundi Hills, Purulia district, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45 (1-4): 121-142.

[R-CT01] Ragusa-di Chiara, S., & H. Tsolakis. 2001. Phytoseiid faunas of natural and agricultural ecosystems in Sicily. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 522-529. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[T00] Thorne, R. F. 2000. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: Dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, and Lamiidae). The Botanical Review 66: 441-647.

[TE00] Tibbetts, T. J. & F. W. Ewers. 2000. Root pressure and specific conductivity in temperate lianas: exotic Celastrus orbiculatus (Celastraceae) vs. native Vitis riparia (Vitaceae). American Journal of Botany 87: 1272-1278.

[WM09] Wang, H., M. J. Moore, P. S. Soltis, C. D. Bell, S. F. Brockington, R. Alexandre, C. C. Davis, M. Latvis, S. R. Manchester & D. E. Soltis. 2009. Rosid radiation and the rapid rise of angiosperm-dominated forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (10): 3853-3858.

[YY22] Yampolsky, C., & H. Yampolsky. 1922. Distribution of sex forms in the phanerogamic flora. Bibliotheca Genetica 3: 1-62.

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