European mistletoe Viscum album, photographed by H. Zell.

Belongs within: Gunneridae.
Contains: Santalaceae.

The Santalanae is a group including the sandalwoods, mistletoes and related taxa. As well as the derived parasitic members (ancestrally root-parasitic but with aerial parasitism having evolved multiple times), the group includes closely related free-living forms. Medusandra is a genus of trees found in Cameroon placed close to the Santalales by Doweld (2001).

    |--Medusandra T00 [Medusandraceae, Medusandrales D01]
    `--Santalales [Santaliflorae] CD07
         |  i. s.: Helixanthera coccinea P88
         |--Opiliaceae T00
         |--Santalaceae T00
         |--Eremolepidaceae T00
         |    |--Antidaphne [incl. Eremolepis] T00
         |    |    `--‘Eremolepis’ wrightii J87
         |    |--Eubrachion T00
         |    `--Lepidoceras T00
         |--Misodendrum A-LL98 [=Myzodendron A-LL98; Misodendraceae T00, Myzodendraceae]
         |    |--M. linearifolium de Candolle 1830 [=Angelopogon linearifolius ms, Myzodendron linearifolium] A-LL98
         |    |    |--M. l. var. linearifolium A-LL98
         |    |    `--M. l. var. contractum Skottsberg 1913 (see below for synonymy) A-LL98
         |    |--M. oblongifolium de Candolle 1830 [=Angelopogon heterophyllus ms] A-LL98
         |    `--M. punctulatum (see below for synonymy) A-LL98
         |--Olacaceae T00
         |    |--Aptandra YY22
         |    |--Octoknema [Octoknemaceae, Octoknemoideae] T00
         |    |--Erythropalum [Erythropaloideae] T00
         |    |--Scorodocarpus borneensis W01
         |    `--Olax [Olacoideae] OS04
         |         |--O. benthamiana OS04
         |         `--O. phyllanthi GK00
         |--Viscaceae T00
         |    |--Notothixos H03
         |    |--Phoradendron J87
         |    |    |--P. anceps J87
         |    |    `--P. piperoides J87
         |    |--Ginalloa H03
         |    |    |--G. arnottiana H03
         |    |    |--G. flagellaris H03
         |    |    `--G. nuda H03
         |    |--Viscum CD07
         |    |    |--V. album Linnaeus 1753 CD07
         |    |    |--V. articulatum P03
         |    |    |--V. cruciatum H03
         |    |    |--V. lindsayi An27
         |    |    |--V. miquelii JD05
         |    |    |--V. orientale P03
         |    |    `--V. salicornia An27
         |    `--Dendrophthora J87
         |         |--D. brachystacha J87
         |         |--D. carnosa J87
         |         |--D. cupressoides J87
         |         |--D. serpyllifolia J87
         |         `--D. versicolor J87
         `--Loranthaceae T00
              |--Oryctanthus YY22
              |--Struthanthus YY22
              |--Tupeia antarctica T27, BS01
              |--Phthirusa YY22
              |--Macrosolen platyphyllus [=Elytranthe platyphylla] P88
              |--Nuytsia floribunda RL05
              |--Agelanthus discolor CV06
              |--Arceuthobium YY22
              |    |--A. bicarnatum J87
              |    `--A. pusillium M93
              |--Korthasella RR02
              |    |--K. japonica RR02
              |    `--K. salicornioides Al27
              |--Elytranthe T27
              |    |--E. colensoi T27
              |    `--E. tetrapetata An27
              |--Amyema G04
              |    |--A. gibberula G04
              |    |--A. miquelii G04
              |    |--A. preissii KM08
              |    `--A. queenslandica H03
              |--Dendropemon J87
              |    |--D. bistratus J87
              |    |--D. parvifolius J87
              |    `--D. pycnophyllus J87
              |--Loranthus T27
              |    |--L. colensoi An27
              |    |--L. flavidus An27
              |    |--L. micranthus T27
              |    `--L. tetrapetalus An27
              `--Dendrophthoe falcata KJ05

Misodendron linearifolium var. contractum Skottsberg 1913 [=M. linearifolium f. monoica Skottsberg 1913 (n. n.)] A-LL98

Misodendron punctulatum [incl. Mi. punctulatum var. magellanicum de Candolle 1830, Mi. rioquinoense Kuntze 1893, Myzodendron rioquinoense] A-LL98

*Type species of generic name indicated


[Al27] Allan, H. H. 1927. The vegetation of Mount Peel, Canterbury, New Zealand. Part 2. – The grassland and other herbaceous communities. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 73-89.

[An27] Andersen, J. C. 1927. Popular names of New Zealand plants. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 905-977.

[A-LL98] Arroyo-Leuenberger, S., & B. E. Leuenberger. 1998. Type specimens of names in Misodendraceae at the Berlin-Dahlem herbarium (B). Willdenowia 28: 249-252.

[BS01] Bannister, P., & G. L. Strong. 2001. The distribution and population structure of the temperate mistletoe Ileostylus micranthus in the Northern Cemetery, Dunedin, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 39: 225-233.

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1-E44.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175-189.

[D01] Doweld, A. B. 2001. The systematic relevance of fruit and seed structure in Bersama and Melianthus (Melianthaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 227: 75-103.

[G04] Gibson, N. 2004. Flora and vegetation of the Eastern Goldfields Ranges: part 6. Mt Manning Range. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (2): 35-47.

[GK00] Gibson, N., & G. J. Keighery. 2000. Flora and vegetation of the Byenup-Muir reserve system, south-west Western Australia. CALMScience 3 (3): 323-402.

[H03] Heads, M. 2003. Ericaceae in Malesia: Vicariance biogeography, terrane tectonics and ecology. Telopea 10 (1): 311-449.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1-136.

[JD05] Junge, F. W., M. Dolezych, H. Walther, T. Böttger, A. Kühl, L. Kunzmann, P. Morgenstern, T. Steinberg & R. Stange. 2005. Ein Fenster in Landschaft und Vegetation vor 37 Millionen Jahren: Lithologische, sedimentgeochemische und paläobotanische Befunde aus einem Paläoflusssystem des Weißelsterbeckens. Mauritiana 19 (2): 185-273.

[KJ05] Katewa, S. S., A. Jain, B. L. Chaudhary & P. Galav. 2005. Some unreported medicinal uses of plants from the tribal area of Southern Rajasthan. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 47 (1-4): 121-130.

[KM08] Keighery, G. J., & W. Muir. 2008. Vegetation and vascular flora of Faure Island, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 75: 11-19.

[M93] Mockford, E. L. 1993. North American Psocoptera (Insecta). Sandhill Crane Press, Inc.

[OS04] Obbens, F. J., & L. W. Sage. 2004. Vegetation and flora of a diverse upland remnant of the Western Australian wheatbelt (Nature Reserve A21064). Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (1): 19-28.

[P03] Paul, T. K. 2003. Botanical observations on the Purulia pumped storage hydropower project area, Bagmundi Hills, Purulia district, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45 (1-4): 121-142.

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[RL05] Rafferty, C., & B. B. Lamont. 2005. Selective feeding by macropods on vegetation regenerating following fire. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 88 (4): 155-165.

[RR02] Ramachandran, V. S., & S. P. Raj. 2002. A note on the additional host range for the genus Korthasella van Tiegh. family Loranthaceae, from Nilgiris, southern India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 560.

[T27] Thomson, G. M. 1927. The pollination of New Zealand flowers by birds and insects. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 106-125.

[T00] Thorne, R. F. 2000. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: Dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, and Lamiidae). The Botanical Review 66: 441-647.

[W01] Watling, R. 2001. The relationships and possible distributional patterns of boletes in south-east Asia. Mycological Research 105 (12): 1440-1448.

[YY22] Yampolsky, C., & H. Yampolsky. 1922. Distribution of sex forms in the phanerogamic flora. Bibliotheca Genetica 3: 1-62.

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