Asclepiadoidina

Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa, from here.


Belongs within: Euapocynoidina.

The Asclepiadoidina were defined by Sennblad & Bremer (2002) to represent the largest clade including Fockea and Asclepias but not Secamoneae. Members of the clade possess clasping translators with two pollinia per translator (Sennblad & Bremer 2002). This clade includes the milkweeds (Asclepias spp.) and related taxa.

<==Asclepiadoidina [Asclepiadoideae]
    |--Fockeeae SB02
    |    |--Fockea multiflora SB02
    |    `--Cibirhiza SB02
    `--+--Asclepiadeae SB02
       |    |--Schizostephanus alatus SB02
       |    |--+--Calotropis SB02
       |    |  |    |--C. gigantea BB07
       |    |  |    `--C. procera SB02
       |    |  |         |--C. p. ssp. procera PP07
       |    |  |         `--C. p. ssp. hamiltonii PP07
       |    |  `--Asclepias SB02 [incl. Gomphocarpus BR65]
       |    |       |--A. cornuti C55b
       |    |       |--A. curassavica SB02
       |    |       |--A. fruticosa [=Gomphocarpus fruticosus] BR65
       |    |       |--A. nivea J87
       |    |       |--A. physocarpa [=Gomphocarpus physocarpus] BR65
       |    |       |--A. pubescens BR65
       |    |       |--A. rotundifolia Miller 1768 [incl. A. arborescens Linnaeus 1771, Gomphocarpus arborescens] BR65
       |    |       |--‘Gomphocarpus’ semiplectens CV06
       |    |       |--A. syriaca W69
       |    |       `--A. tuberosa D51
       |    `--+--+--Tylophora SB02
       |       |  |    |--T. fleckii CV06
       |       |  |    `--T. sylvatica SB02
       |       |  `--Vincetoxicum SB02
       |       |       |--V. canescens C55a
       |       |       `--V. hirundinaria SB02
       |       `--+--Orthosia serpyllifolia SB02
       |          `--+--Gonolobeae SB02
       |             |    |--Fischeria stellata SB02
       |             |    `--Matelea hirsuta SB02
       |             `--+--Tweedia coerulea SB02
       |                `--Araujia SB02
       |                     |--A. hortorum SB02
       |                     `--A. sericifera H06
       `--+--Ceropegieae SB02
          |    |--Ceropegia SB02
          |    |    |--C. bulbosa PP07
          |    |    |--C. dinteri CV06
          |    |    |--C. hirsuta P03
          |    |    `--C. woodii SB02
          |    `--Stapelia SB02
          |         |--S. kwebensis [incl. S. longipedicellata] CV06
          |         |--S. leendertziae SB02
          |         |--S. pearsonii CV06
          |         |--S. remota CV06
          |         `--S. schinzii CV06
          |              |--S. s. var. schinzii CV06
          |              `--S. s. var. bergeriana CV06
          `--Marsdenieae SV02
               |  i. s.: Marsdenia SB02
               |           |--M. australis (Brown) Druce 1917 (see below for synonymy) BR65
               |           |--M. clausa J87
               |           `--M. graniticola KM08
               |         Dregea SB02
               |         Telosma SB02
               |         Dischidia SB02
               |           |--D. astephana P88
               |           |--D. benghalensis BB07
               |           |--D. lanceolata LC02
               |           |--D. major [incl. D. rafflesiana] P88
               |           `--D. nummularia [incl. D. ridleyi] P88
               |--Stephanotis floribunda SB02
               `--+--Micholitzia obcordata SB02
                  `--Hoya SB02
                       |--H. africana C55a
                       |--H. bella SB02
                       |--H. carnosa BR65
                       |--H. coronaria P88
                       `--H. smithii M03
                            |--H. s. ssp. smithii M03
                            `--H. s. ssp. palniensis M03

Marsdenia australis (Brown) Druce 1917 [=Leichhardtia australis Brown 1849; incl. M. leichhardtiana Mueller 1866] BR65

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BB07] Baishya, A. K. & P. J. Bora. 2007. Cross community ethno-medico botany of Dibru-Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve, Assam. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 121-154.

[BR65] Black, J. M., & E. L. Robertson. 1965. Flora of South Australia. Part IV. Oleaceae-Compositae. W. L. Hawes, Government Printer: Adelaide.

[C55a] Candolle, A. de. 1855a. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 1. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C55b] Candolle, A. de. 1855b. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175-189.

[D51] Dobzhansky, T. 1951. Genetics and the Origin of Species, 3rd ed. Columbia University Press: New York.

[H06] Henderson, L. 2006. Comparisons of invasive plants in southern Africa originating from southern temperate, northern temperate and tropical regions. Bothalia 36 (2): 201-222.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1-136.

[KM08] Keighery, G. J., & W. Muir. 2008. Vegetation and vascular flora of Faure Island, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 75: 11-19.

[LC02] Långström, E., & M. W. Chase. 2002. Tribes of Boraginoideae (Boraginaceae) and placement of Antiphytum, Echiochilon, Ogastemma and Sericostoma: A phylogenetic analysis based on atpB plastid DNA sequence data. Plant Systematics and Evolution 234: 137-153.

[M03] Matthew, K. M. 2003. An integrated programme for local Floras, conservation research and environmental awareness generation in south India. Telopea 10 (1): 73-80.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P. & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 15-78.

[P03] Paul, T. K. 2003. Botanical observations on the Purulia pumped storage hydropower project area, Bagmundi Hills, Purulia district, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45 (1-4): 121-142.

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[SB02] Sennblad, B., & B. Bremer. 2002. Classification of Apocynaceae s.l. according to a new approach combining Linnaean and phylogenetic taxonomy. Systematic Biology 51 (3): 389-409.

[W69] Wiens, J. A. 1969. An approach to the study of ecological relationships among grassland birds. Ornithological Monographs 8: 1-93.

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