Podicipedidae

Great crested grebes Podiceps cristatus, photographed by Jan Ševčík.


Belongs within: Neoaves.

The Podicipedidae contains the grebes and dabchicks, specialised aquatic birds found on freshwater lakes and ponds. Grebes have large feet set well back on the body with lobed toes, tails reduced to a vestigial tuft, and small narrow wings (Heather & Robertson 1996). Grebe nests are floating platforms made from pieces of vegetation and anchored to reeds in shallow water; both sexes participate in the construction of the nest and the rearing of the chicks.

<==Podicipedidae (see below for synonymy)
    |--Aechmophorus JT12
    |    |--A. clarki JT12
    |    `--A. occidentalis ZJM03
    |--Tachybaptus JT12
    |    |--T. dominicus JT12
    |    |--T. novaehollandiae (Stephens 1826) R85
    |    |--T. pelzelnii JT12
    |    `--T. ruficollis (Pallas 1764) JT12, M02 [=Colymbus ruficollis M02, Podiceps ruficollis T89]
    |         |--T. r. ruficollis VP89
    |         `--T. r. poggei VP89
    |--Poliocephalus WH02
    |    |--P. poliocephalus HWT01
    |    `--P. rufopectus (Gray 1843) WH02 [=Podiceps rufopectus HWT01; incl. Fulica novazealandiae Colenso 1845 WH02]
    |--Podilymbus Lesson 1831 [Podilymbidae] B94
    |    |--P. gigas FS01 [=P. podiceps gigas FP64]
    |    `--P. podiceps ZJM03
    |         |--P. p. podiceps FS55
    |         `--P. p. antillarum FS55
    |--Rollandia JT12
    |    |--R. microptera JT12
    |    `--R. rolland JT12
    `--Podiceps Latham 1787 [incl. Miobaptus Švec 1982, Thiornis Navás 1922] M02
         |--P. andinus FS01
         |--P. auritus (Linnaeus 1758) [=Colymbus auritus; incl. Fulica pisana Portis 1889, Podicipes pisanus] M02
         |--P. caspicus A71
         |--P. cristatus (Linnaeus 1758) WH02 [=Colymbus cristatus M02]
         |    |--P. c. cristatus WS48
         |    |--P. c. australis Gould 1844 [incl. P. cristatus christiani Mathews 1911] WS48
         |    `--P. c. infuscatus HR96
         |--P. gallardoi JT12
         |--P. grisegena (Boddaert 1783) [=Colymbus grisegena] M02
         |    |--P. g. grisegena VP89
         |    `--P. g. holboellii VP89
         |--P. major JT12
         |--P. micropterus FP64
         |--P. miocenicus Kessler 1984 M02
         |--P. nigricollis Brehm 1831 M02
         |--P. novaehollandiae Stephens 1826 WS48 (see below for synonymy)
         |--P. occipitalis FP64
         |--P. oligocaenus FP64
         |--P. poliocephalus Jardine & Selby 1827 [incl. P. poliocephalus cloatesi Mathews 1912] WS48
         |--P. rufolavatus FP64
         |--P. sociatus (Navás 1922) [=*Thiornis sociatus] M02
         |--P. taczanowskii FP64
         `--P. walteri (Švec 1982) [=*Miobaptus walteri] M02

Inorganic: Padiceps ruficollis minilorientalis Okamura 1987 O87

Podiceps novaehollandiae Stephens 1826 WS48 [incl. P. fluviatilis carterae Mathews 1912 WS48, P. gularis S13, P. fluviatilis parryi Mathews 1912 WS48]

Podicipedidae [Colymbiformes, Podicepinae, Podicepsinae, Podicipediformes, Podicipinae, Podicipitidae, Podicipitiformes]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1-281.

[FS55] Felten, H., & J. Steinbacher. 1955. Zur Vogelfauna von El Salvador. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36 (1-2): 9-19.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[FS01] Flannery, T. & P. Schouten. 2001. A Gap in Nature: Discovering the World's Extinct Animals. Text Publishing: Melbourne.

[HR96] Heather, B. D., & H. A. Robertson. 1996. The Field Guide to the Birds of New Zealand. Viking: Auckland.

[HWT01] Holdaway, R. N., T. H. Worthy & A. J. D. Tennyson. 2001. A working list of breeding bird species of the New Zealand region at first human contact. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 28: 119-187.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444-448.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[O87] Okamura, C. 1987. New facts: Homo and all Vertebrata were born simultaneously in the former Paleozoic in Japan. Original Report of the Okamura Fossil Laboratory 15: 347-573.

[R85] Robertson, C. J. R. (ed.) 1985. Reader’s Digest Complete Book of New Zealand Birds. Reader’s Digest: Sydney.

[S13] Sarasin, F. 1913. Die Vögel Neu-Caledoniens und der Loyalty-Inseln. In Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1, Heft I (F. Sarasin & J. Roux, eds) pp. 1-78, pl. 1-3. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[T89] Takeshita, N. 1989. Nihon no Yachoo. Kogakukan: Tokyo.

[VP89] Viney, C., & K. Phillipps. 1989. Birds of Hong Kong 5th ed. Government Printer: Hong Kong.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M. & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1-126.

[WH02] Worthy, T. H., & R. N. Holdaway. 2002. The Lost World of the Moa: Prehistoric life of New Zealand. Indiana University Press: Bloomington (Indiana).

[ZJM03] Zeffer, A., L. C. Johansson & Å. Marmebro. 2003. Functional correlation between habitat use and leg morphology in birds (Aves). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 79: 461-484.

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