Ficidae


Ficus subintermedia, from here.


Belongs within: Littorinimorpha.

The Ficidae, fig shells, are a small family of tropical shallow-water or abyssal marine gastropods that take their name from the roughly fig-shaped appearance of their shells. Fig shells are predators of echinoderms.

Characteristics (from Wilson & Gillett 1971): Thin shell; spire low, final whorl inflated with wide aperture, anterior canal long, tapered and curved. Operculum absent. Head small, siphon long. Mantle lobes spread over most of shell.

<==Ficidae [Ficoidea]
    |--Ficula Swainson 1835 [Ficulidae] BR05
    |--Thalassocyon Barnard 1960 [Thalassocynidae, Thalassocyonidae] BR05
    |--Sycotypus Gray 1847 [=Scytotypus (l. c.); Scytotypidae, Sycotypidae] BR05
    |    `--S. ficus F66
    `--Ficus Röding 1798 [incl. Pyrula Lamarck 1799; Pyrulidae, Pyrulinae] BR05
         |--*F. ficus Linnaeus 1758 WG71
         |--F. communis Röding 1798 WG71
         |--F. ficoides Brocchi 1814 WG71
         |--F. filosa Sowerby 1892 WG71
         |--F. subintermedia d’Orbigny 1852 [incl. F. ficoides Lamarck 1822 non Brocchi 1814] WG71
         `--F. tesselata Kobelt 1881 WG71

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BR05] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, J. Frýda, B. Hausdorf, W. Ponder, Á. Valdés & A. Warén. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1-2): 1-397.

[F66] Fraser, L. 1866. Communication of a list of mollusks collected by R. Swinhoe, Esq., in Formosa. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 146.

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

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